Break-even analysis, one of the most popular business tools, is used by companies to determine the level of profitability. It is a comprehensive guide to help set targets in terms of bookkeeping units or revenue. The CPV Analysis for any company would remain incomplete unless one calculates breakeven point analysis and margin of safety along with other costs and ratios.

in break even analysis the contribution margin is defined as

Personal expectations and financial situation of the business must also be taken into consideration. If the managers think that 1000 units can only be sold if price is lowered, break-even point QuickBooks should be re-calculated taking into account the change. As it can be seen from the above example that, higher the selling price of a particular product, the break-even point is lower.

Special Considerations

One of the major flaws of break-even analysis is that it fails to take into account the demand-side of the business, since looking from a demand-side perceptive it would be easier to sell more units at lower price. If a business wants to calculate margin of safety (Version #2) for number of units sold, then instead of current sales level, selling price per unit in the denominator. Revenue is the money that a business actually receives from its customers for the provisions of goods and services during a particular period. Discounts and deductions have already been adjusted, which means it is the gross income from which various costs are later deducted in order to calculate profit or loss. Total revenue can be calculated by multiplying the price at which goods or services are sold by number units sold. A company’s variable expenses include costs that fluctuate along with changes in production levels.

Some examples of variable costs are raw materials, direct labor, and electricity. Very low or negative contribution margin values indicate economically nonviable products whose manufacturing and sales should be discarded. Similarly, wages paid to employees who are getting paid based on the number of units they manufacture are variable costs. Another important aspect of business transaction in break even analysis the contribution margin is defined as that is missed in break-even calculation is principal balance of outstanding loans. The interest being paid on all loans should be part of fixed costs, but it is shown as an expense in the profit & loss account. These costs stay the same regardless of how many units the company is producing. These include start-up costs, and other capital expenses which do not have to be paid periodically.

Limitations Of Contribution Margins

Though there are limitations of using breakeven point analysis and calculating margin of safety; these continue to remain a vital part of any company cost profit-volume analysis. If expenses are classified as fixed when they are actually variable, it can cause a misleading contribution margin calculation and in break even analysis the contribution margin is defined as result in a poor business decision. Also, products with a low contribution margin that sell in high volume with no required effort would be worth keeping in the company’s product line. Analyzing a product’s contribution margin and break-even point provides information on the company’s operational efficiency.

Rent, insurance, utility bills and repairs are also considered fixed costs, since variations are minute and the amount does not directly depend on the number of items produced. For example, if a tire manufacturer what are retained earnings rents a building at $2000 per month, and decides to produce 100 tires, the fixed cost will be $2000. The amount will stay the same if even there is no activity and zero tires are produced.